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TUEsday - 07/11/2023 19:58

Independence Palace Independence Palace

Independence Palace is a historical relic that preserves the proud milestones of our nation in the struggle to protect the homeland. With that great significance, this place always attracts many tourists from all over. Tourists come here to visit, take souvenir photos, and learn more about the country's heroic history. This place is also known by many other names such as Reunification Palace, Governor's Palace, or Governor's Palace.

The Independence Palace – is located in the center of District 1, Ho Chi Minh City. And is limited by 4 main roads which are: Northeast Nam Ky Khoi Nghia Street, Southwest Huyen Tran Cong Chua Street, Northwest Nguyen Thi Minh Khai Street, and Southwest Nguyen Du Street.

1. History of Independence Palace:

The Independence Palace was built on the site of the colonial-era Norodom Palace. Designed by award- winning architect Ngo Viet Thu, it began construction on 1 J July 1962 and was inaugurated on 31 October 1966. The palace served as residence and office to Nguyen Van Thieu, second President of the Republic of Vietnam, from October 1967 to 21 April 1975.

The Independence Palace has since become a historical symbol representing total victory in the resistance war against the United States of America, the liberation of the South and the reunification of the country on 30 April 1975, when tanks of the Vietnamese Liberation Army famously crashed through Independence Palace's main gate. The flying of the blue and red flag with a yellow star on the Palace's roof marked the demise of the Republic of Vietnam government.

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2. Architecture of the Independence Palace:

2.1 Overall Palace:

- The design of the Independence Palace harmoniously combines the principles of modernist architecture with traditional oriental design. Modern materials and techniques were used by architect Ngo Viet Thu to create simple but delicate lines that capture the traditional philosophy and personality of the Vietnamese nation. 

- Located in a 12-hectare compound and occupying an area of 4.500 square meters. The palace has three main floors, two mezzanine floors, a terrace, a helipad, a ground floor, and a basement.   

- The usable area is 20.000 square meters and there are almost 100 rooms. Each room is decorated differently depending on its intended function, yet still complements the overall architecture of the place. 

2.2. Inside Palace: 

- Inside the Palace including: 4 main floors, 1 ground floor, 1 bunker. 
+ Ground floor: Kitchen, Jeep, Souvenir shop, Children’s center, Shooting gallery, Documentary film screening room. 
+ Bunker: Command center, Backup radio, Communication center, President’s bedroom, President’s war room, Security room. 
+ First floor: including 3 rooms: Cabinet room, Conference hall, State banqueting hall and 1 Central staircase.  
State banqueting hall
A state banqueting hall with as many as 100 guests was held in this room. One of the most notable events was the inauguration dinner of President Nguyen Van Thieu and Vice President Nguyen Cao Ky on 31 October 1967. The last State Dinner was held here by President Thieu on 1 March 1975 for the US congressional delegation sent to report on the prospects for continued support for the southern government.  The room’s gold color scheme was intended to create a convivial atmosphere. Its focal point is the massive painting in 7 sections by the Palace’s architect Ngo Viet Thu representing a scene from a poem in Chinese characters widely known and cherished as an evocation of national unity. Its opening lines are ‘ The land is as lovely as a length of brocade, all its growing things ripening in peace’.
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